The active compound in ginseng is known by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry as 6,20-Bis(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-(3β,6α,12β,20S)-3,6,12,20-tetrahydroxydammar-24-ene. Sorry you lost me at "chemistry"... That might as well be written in hieroglyphics.
Here's what you need to know. Ginseng has been a major player in Eastern medicine for a very long time and now it's getting some time in the modern medicine spotlight. Recently a team of researchers from the University of Hong Kong broke ginseng down into its separate constituents to identify what parts play a role in managing inflammation. Long story short, 78% of what's active in that bad boy battles inflammation. And in 2011 some folks at Yeungnam University demonstrated ginseng's ability as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative in human tissue samples. That's as real as it gets!
So, what else? How about ginseng having the potential to inhibit the inflammation-to-cancer sequence, suppress tumors, and also protect your actual DNA? That's right, better workout recovery, while also fighting cancer and keeping your unique snowflake of a DNA strand safe. Awwww sh*t dawg.